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Pre treatment

12144 Views 7 Replies 8 Participants Last post by  Recie
I just wanted to see what everyone who has a DTG printer is doing for pretreatments on whites and colors. Since there is no manufactures recommendation because we're the manufacture. Has any one devised their own formula from off the shelf chemicals. Some say pretreatement is to keep the fibers in the cloth flat for printing. Others say pretreating is to prevent fading.

Also the same question about post treatement.

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I was browsing DAGuide's blog.... I think this will be of some help: From : Direct-to-Garment, Sublimation, Digital Transfers, Software & more for Apparel Decorators

When you use a dtg printer to decorate a dark garment, you will want to create a white underbase first and then print the CMYK colors directly over the white underbase. The white underbase will block the color of the garment from altering the CMYK colors of the graphic. However, we need to make sure that the white underbase remains on top of the shirt fibers to properly block the dark garment color from coming through the underbase. To do this, we will spray or coat the shirt with an adhesive-like substance called pretreatment. The pretreatment allows the white ink to remain on the top of the garment fibers and also helps bind the white ink to the garment’s fabric. Think about pretreating a shirt in a similar fashion as you would put primer on the walls in your house before you paint them. In fact, water-based primers like Killz at your local paint store is an IRC coating that was discussed above and can be used for printing on to hard substrates.
Most of the challenges for a new dtg owner is knowing how to properly apply the pretreatment to the garment. A lot of these problems arise because there is no single best way to pretreat a shirt. You can go to different dtg manufacturers and get completely different processes. In addition, the pretreatment process will change depending on the type of fabric (i.e. cotton, 50/50, polyester,…) and the color of the fabric (black, red, white,…). I believe the best approach for new owners is to try several different methods and perform their own wash tests to see which process works the best for them. Most dtg manufacturers and distributors are recommending to new owners to expect to practice on approximately 72 shirts before they become proficient in the process. Ask your dtg manufacturer what pretreatment steps they recommend and below are some links to other dtg owners methods:
- YoDan’s Method - Inkjet Garment Printing - Screen Printing University • View topic - My Method to This "Madness"
- PinkFreud’s Method - Inkjet Garment Printing - Screen Printing University • View topic - T-Jet is King
- Sunnydays’ Method - http://www.t-shirtforums.com/direct-garment-dtg-inkjet-printing/t52278.html#post309438
PRINTING TIP: When conducting your own pretreating and wash tests, I recommend you keep a log of all the settings used on that sample, including, but not limited to: % of pretreatment, % of distilled water, time / temperature / pressure for curing the pretreatment, settings for both the white underbase and CMYK layers of ink and the time / temperature / pressure for curing the ink. Identify each shirt in your log by putting a mark on the tag of the shirt or write on the shirt with a permanent marker. You will want to use both sides of the shirt as well. This way you can refer back to the log to determine what the exact settings gave you the best results. You will also want to do these tests on different types of fabric and different colors.
In addition, some dtg owners are now using either a special type of pretreatment or water-down pretreatment on light colored garments or substrates to get brighter colors and better wash fastness. For more information about this, click on this link - http://www.t-shirtforums.com/direct-garment-dtg-inkjet-printing/t40611.html or http://www.t-shirtforums.com/direct-garment-dtg-inkjet-printing/t45909.html. Recently, some of the dtg manufacturers have begun developing and selling of automatic pretreatment machines to make the process of pretreating more of a science, rather than an art. These machines are rather new and probably need to have more production-type testing done to them. However if you would like more information on them, click on the links below:
- http://www.t-shirtforums.com/direct-garment-dtg-inkjet-printing/t54322.html
- Re: Pretreatment Tips?
- Inkjet Garment Printing - Screen Printing University • View topic - A sneak peak at the Belquette Pre-Treat Station
- Inkjet Garment Printing - Screen Printing University • View topic - Sources of Pretreatment / Makers
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I have been doing some experimenting for a DIY home made pretreatment,, believe me there are not that many chemicals in the stuff,, it is about 90% water... About 15 more T's I may have something..
A 1000 thank you to Colorfinger for this concise and abundant information abaut Pre treatment.
Hy, Can you tell me what did you put in your home made pretreat? I'm so tired to buy a dtg pretreatment in coca cola bottles at a very huge price. Please if you can help me!
You can buy pre-treatment for like $20 per 1000 ML. It's incredibly cheap. Usually the online stores selling Dupont ink sell the pre-treat too.
Every time I get settled on buy a DTG instead of a laser jet, I run across a thread describing how difficult and time consuming the whole process is. LOL So, there are different pretreaments for specific color shirts and fabric blends?

72 shirts to practice on sounds like a lot of wasted money. Has any newbie started this process yet?
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