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· Registered
4,624 Posts
This looks like a response from Dupont. Is there a response from CPSIA?
CPSIA is a government regulation. CPSC (Consumer Product Safety Commission) is the agency that is responsible for implementing and regulating the law. Getting an official response from CPSC is challenging at best. It will never be as crystal clear as most garment decorators will want.

The challenge with the Dupont letter linked above is that it does not cover any of the requirements of the law. First, Dupont or any dealer of the ink is not required by law to do anything. At the end of the day, the garment decorator has all the responsibilities as the final product manufacturer. Please keep in mind that the inks / pretreatment are only one component of the process. We also print on the garment - which is covered under the law as well. There are several good articles written in the industry publications (Impressions Magazine, Printwear Magazine,...) that cover CPSIA in depth. I strongly suggest any garment decorator that personalizes garments for 12+ years old and younger target markets to read through this information.

In addition, even if the ink manufacturer / dealer of the ink and pretreatment chemistry does the steps in their control (i.e. regularly test the ink for lead and phthalates at a certified lab), this is still only part of the process to being CPSIA compliant. The final decorator is still responsible for doing certain things (i.e. testing other components, creating a child product certificate, adding a tracking labeling, maintaining records,...).

By just spending a little bit of time reading through the law and the articles already published, any garment decorator should be able to understand what they need to do to protect their company and remain CPSIA compliant.


CPSIA Articles
- CPSIA Solutions in Digital Direct Tech | Printwear
- D2 and CPSIA | Printwear
- CPSIA: Implications for Decorators | Printwear
- Play it Safe: CPSIA on Teamwear | Printwear
- Clarifying Compliance | Printwear
- CPSIA Legislation Update | Printwear
- CPSIA: A Screen Printer’s Perspective
- Impressions - First Person: How Is CPSIA Legislation Affecting the Garment Industry?
- CPSIA: The Current Landscape
- [media]https://www.cpsc.gov//PageFiles/111364/clothing_en.pdf[/media]
- [media]http://www.ppai.org/inside-ppai/product-safety/Documents/LAW_DecoratedChildApprl.pdf[/media]

· Registered
138 Posts
So, if I am reading the articles correctly, each component of a decorated garment needs a CPC correct? If that is true, does Dupont have CPCs for their inks and pretreats? The Dupont PDF Sales Bulletin isn't a CPC right? Who polices this law and has anyone been audited yet?

· Premium Member
4,310 Posts
John, there have been more studies on this and the laws have been refined for exemptions due to the nature of the phthalates and how they are passed. They have ruled that in the use of clothing, it's different than the original intended purpose. If an item is less than 5cm squared in dimension, then it can be placed in a child's mouth, and this is what is attempting to be prevented with phthalate exposure. This is from the CPSC's site:

1. Fabric Materials as a Barrier to Accessibility of Component Parts
Comment: One commenter states that fabric should not be considered a barrier, regardless of the size of the component, because children could be exposed to phthalates through the fabric.
Response: As provided in CPSC staff's briefing memo “Guidance for Evaluating Accessibility of Phthalate-Containing Component Parts” dated July 13, 2012, CPSC staff is not aware of any studies that show the propensity for phthalates to move from a phthalate-containing material through an intact, non-phthalate-containing material, such as an outside covering, where it could eventually reach the outside of a product. Furthermore, CPSC staff's review showed that the non-vapor passive movement of phthalates within a product, if it exists, would be exceedingly slow and would never account for any more than a small, negligible fraction of the original phthalate content of the inaccessible phthalate-containing part. Based on CPSC staff's analysis, the Commission finds that, in most cases, phthalates that are inaccessible would not result in physical exposure to phthalates, unless it is reasonably foreseeable that a component part will become physically exposed through mouthing, swallowing, breaking, or other children's activities, and aging of the product. Accordingly, a children's toy or child care article that is, or contains, a phthalate-containing part that is enclosed, encased, or covered by fabric and passes the appropriate use and abuse tests on such covers, is considered inaccessible to a child, unless the product, or part of the product, in one dimension, is smaller than 5 centimeters; i.e., a fabric-covered component part is not inaccessible if the product, or part of the product, can be placed in a child's mouth.

So the exemption goes on to clarify what is a child care article:

The term “child care article” means a consumer product designed or intended by the manufacturer to facilitate sleep or the feeding of children age 3 years and younger, or to help such children with sucking or teething.


(b) Section 108(d) of the CPSIA provides that the prohibitions in paragraph (a) of this section do not apply to component parts of a children's toy or child care article that are not accessible to children through normal and reasonably foreseeable use and abuse of such product, as determined by the Commission. A component part is not accessible if it is not physically exposed, by reason of a sealed covering or casing, and does not become physically exposed through reasonably foreseeable use and abuse of the product, including swallowing, mouthing, breaking, or other children's activities, and the aging of the product.

So it appears to me that the firestorm that arose when the law was set forced them to redefine what constitutes a child's article. The stroke was too broad, but has been refined. According to this, it appears there is no need to have testing on standard clothing items for children 3 and under.

If someone sees something different than me, let us know:

Children’s Toys and Child Care Articles Containing Phthalates; Final Guidance on Inaccessible Component Parts, 16 CFR Part 1199, FINAL RULE | CPSC.gov
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